Geography & Climate

Geographical Location:
Athens, the capital and the largest city of Athens, is one of the most ancient cities of the world, with its history going back to 3200 BC.
It is in the Region of Attica and with 3,181,000 residents, according to the census of 2011, it gathers almost the 1/3 of the country’s population. Apart from Athens, at the region of Attica belong the cities of Piraeus, Eleusis, Megara, Lavrio and Marathon, as well as a part of the Peloponnese and the islands of Salamina, Aegina, Poros, Hydra, Spetses, Kythira and Antikythira.
The basin of Attica, where Athens and Piraeus are located, is included by five mountains: mount Aigaleo and Poikilo mountain on the west, Parnitha and Penteli on the north and Hymettus on the east, while on the south Athens is outlined by the Saronic gulf.
Athens, apart from its famous monuments, is also famous for its deep blue sky and the moderate Mediterranean climate. Mild for the larger part of the year, it provides Athens an average annual temperature of 18.3 C and days with sunshine even in the heart of winter. Known are the particularly warm summers, with the temperature often exceeding even 40 C. The warmest month is July, since in August the strong winds cool the city to a certain extent. Regarding winter, even though snow is a rare visitor to the Greek capital, the cold is really chilly especially in January.